According to a survey carried out in 2003-2004, there were approximately four million drug addicts in India. The actual figure may be higher. The most common drugs of abuse are ganja, hashish, opium and heroin. The abuse of pharmaceutical preparations like buprenorphine, codeine based cough syrups and painkillers like proxivon has also assumed serious proportions.
In certain regions of the country, drug abuse has become a severe socio-economic problem, affecting the vulnerable age groups. It is therefore, essential that state governments be aware of the drug related problems in their state so that these can be addressed in an effective manner. The strategies need to include both supply reduction and demand reduction. Supply reduction includes enforcement activities while demand reduction involves rehabilitation and de-addiction measures.
The Narcotics Control Bureau, being the national nodal agency for drug administration, will support requests from state governments for assistance for improving their enforcement capabilities in dealing with the supply side of the drug menace.
Assistance will be provided only to those states which have established the following basic institutional arrangements prescribed by NCB for effective enforcement of anti-narcotics laws:-
A multi-disciplinary level Coordination Committee under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary or a senior Secretary may be established for regular interaction with various Central and State agencies, including NCB, for coordination and sharing of information and for reviewing the drug situation in the state. The Coordination Committee may meet at regular intervals with a structured agenda on drug related matters.
The states should set up an Anti Narcotics Task Force under an IG level officer with duties and responsibilities duly demarcated.
The state should have formalized an Action Plan to address narcotics related issues. The Action Plan should include, inter-alia, identification of regions which are sensitive to drugs trafficking, requiring focused attention and strategies for action in these regions. The Action Plan should address both demand control and supply control strategies.
Assistance to states can be provided for acquiring equipment for surveillance, laboratories and offices. The scheme does not provide for assistance to meet recurring expenditure. Assistance will be provided only to cells/units which are exclusively engaged in drug law enforcement. The assistance received shall not be diverted for other purpose. Assistance will also be provided for special projects falling within the mandate of NCB. The assistance would be in the form of a grant in aid to states with no matching assistance required.
The grant-in-aid may be given on an annual basis, subject to submission of utilization certificate and audit certificate in respect of utilization of grants received earlier.