The task of combating drug trafficking is complex and sophisticated. It involves dealing with violations of national law, international conventions and also all allied economic crimes like corruption, tax evasion, money laundering and crimes of violence, terrorism etc.
The need of the hour is to build a team of dedicated officers in the field of narcotics law enforcement who are well trained and equipped with updated knowledge and allied skills to effectively combat this menace. To achieve this objective, training programmes need to be conducted at all levels in order to enhance and hone the specialized skills required to improve performance and effectiveness of the personnel involved in drug law enforcement. Training also ensures greater understanding of drug law enforcement and helps in evolving uniform practices for effective counter measures. It will also enhance quality of cooperation among various drug law enforcement agencies and bring about synergy in anti-drug measures. Experience sharing adds tremendously to the individual and team capabilities and also increases levels of motivation.
NCB has adopted a multi-pronged strategy for organizing training programmes on Drug Law Enforcement for the Central/State agencies. These strategies include:
- Participation of all stakeholders i.e. State Police (ANTF, CID & GRPF) , Custom, Central & State Excise, Forest Department, CAPFs/BGFs (BSF, SSB, CISF, ITBP, Assam Rifles), RPF, Indian Coast Guard, CBI, IB, DRI, Courier Agencies, State Drug Controllers etc in each training programme. This will ensure interaction among different agencies during training programmes and increase the quality and speed of inter-agency cooperation.
- Emphasis on training for the officials of Border Security Force, Sashastra Seema Bal and Indian Coast Guard, as these agencies have been empowered under NDPS Act 1985. Railway Protection Force and Central Industrial Security Force are also included in the training programmes, as these organizations are providing security at locations which are vulnerable to drug trafficking i.e. along Railway Routes and Airports, respectively.
- Inclusion of all important topics relating to drug law administration & enforcement including NDPS Act & Rules, Financial investigation, PITNDPS, Precursor Control (RCS Order 1993), Money Laundering, Composite seizures and other linkages, Modus Operandi, National Drug Scenario, important case studies, important court judgements, identification and spot testing of narcotic drugs, concealment methods, rummaging of vessels/ships in the sea for drugs and applicability of customs & other Acts etc. are included in the training curriculum of each training programme.
- Providing ‘resource persons’ and training materials to other sister organizations like National Academy of Customs Excise & Narcotics (NACEN), CBI Academy, National Institute of Criminology & Forensic Science, BSF, SSB, National and State Police Academies, etc for specialized training in drug law enforcement.
During January-June 2012, NCB organized 79 training courses and a total of 2371 personnel working in various Central/State agencies were trained.
Computer Based Training Module
UNODC proposed the setting up of Computer Based Training (CBT) Modules for law enforcement agencies in South Asia as part of the work plan of project XSA J81 on “Strengthening Drug Law Enforcement capacities in South Asia. In India, the project is funded by GOI (Department of Revenue) and is being implemented since 2008 jointly with NACEN. UNODC has developed 110+ Hours CBT software based on international best practices and is now used in more than 62 countries in about 300 CBT centres across the world.
CBT Module was installed at NCB Headquarters along with three metro Zones i.e. Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai. The software module is based on international best practices as part of a project of UNODC to strengthen the Drug Law Enforcement capacities in South Asia. It is a self-evaluation programme which will be utilized for enhancing the skills and knowledge of personnel on specific modules of drug law enforcement.
This programme will be utilized for updating the skills and knowledge on specific modules/topics on ‘need basis’. The CBT Module has the following features:
- The modules cover all aspects of drug law enforcement including intelligence, investigation, precursor trafficking and anti money laundering
- It is possible to design a verity of courses ranging from few hours to a few days, weeks or months. The course content can thus be made specific to the target groups.
- The CBT ensures privacy during the learning process, where a learner can learn by committing mistakes.
- The interactive nature of the modules facilitate enhanced retention capacity of the learners This module has pre and post test scores/sessions which enables the administrator to assess the impact of learning process.