Shri Satya Narayan Pradhan

IPS, Jharkhand: 1988

Narcotics control Bureau

Ministry of Home Affairs
Government Of India

The role of Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) as the nodal agency on the matter of drug law enforcement in India has gained prominence in recent times. This is due to manifold reasons, both domestic and international. I am happy to see that NCB is coping with these challenges despite its limited manpower. Intelligence, Enforcement and Coordination, as part of the NCB motto are also the three pillars on which work and mandate of NCB is based. Over the years, NCB has generated quality intelligence leading to detection and disruption of organized drug trafficking groups. It has also been acting as a coordinating entity between various narcotics and drug law enforcement agencies within the country and also as India’s nodal point with international agencies like UNODC, INCB etc.

The restrictions imposed on movement of people and commodities due to COVID-19 pandemic have led to drug trafficking groups reinvent their strategies. However, NCB has done well to stay ahead of the curve and anticipate changes in criminal strategies and tactics.

Drug traffickers have been increasingly taking the help of innovations in technology to challenge drug law enforcement agencies world over. Some of these challenges are the use of darknet to sell drugs, use of untraceable internet-based technology for drug related communications, use of drones to transport drugs from across the border etc. NCB is working in tandem with other affected nations in the increasingly high-tech fight against drugs.

I acknowledge that the challenges TEAM NCB are colossal. But I am sure with dedicated and concerted efforts, we can move purposefully towards fulfilling the dream of making India free of drug trafficking and abuse.

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Our Motto

Intelligence, Enforcement, Coordination


Our Mission

Prevent and combat abuse and illicit traffic of drugs


Our Vision

Endeavour for a drug free society

About NCB

The National Policy on Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances is based on the Directive Principles, contained in Article 47 of the Indian Constitution, which direct the State to endeavour to bring about prohibition of the consumption, except for medicinal purposes, of intoxicating drugs injurious to health. The government’s policy on the subject which flows from this constitutional provision is also guided by the international conventions on the subject.

India is a signatory to the single Convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961, as amended by the 1972 Protocol,the Conventions on Psychotropic Substances, 1971 and the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, 1988.


The broad legislative policy is contained in the three Central Acts, viz. Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940, The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985, and The Prevention of Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1988. The responsibility of drug abuse control, which is a central function, is carried out through a number of Ministries, Departments and Organisations. These include the Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue which has the nodal co-ordination role as administrator of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 and the Prevention of Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1988.

The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 which came into effect from the 14th November, 1985 made an express provision for constituting a Central Authority for the purpose of exercising the powers and functions of the Central Government under the Act.

In presence of this provision, the Government of India constituted the NARCOTICS CONTROL BUREAU on the 17th of March, 1986. The Bureau, subject to the supervision and control of the Central Government, is to exercise the powers and functions of the Central Government for taking measures with respect to:

  • Co-ordination of actions by various offices, State Governments and other authorities under the N.D.P.S. Act, Customs Act, Drugs and Cosmetics Act and any other law for the time being in force in connection with the enforcement provisions of the NDPS Act, 1985.
  • Implementation of the obligation in respect of counter measures against illicit traffic under the various international conventions and protocols that are in force at present or which may be ratified or acceded to by India in future.
  • Assistance to concerned authorities in foreign countries and concerned international organisations to facilitate coordination and universal action for prevention and suppression of illicit traffic in these drugs and substances.
  • Coordination of actions taken by the other concerned Ministries, Departments and Organizations in respect of matters relating to drug abuse.

The Narcotics Control Bureau is the apex coordinating agency. It also functions as an enforcement agency through its zones and sun-zones. Zones located at Ahmedabad, Bangaluru, Chandigarh, Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Indore, Jammu, Jodhpur, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, and Patna. Sub-zones located at Ajmer, Amritsar, Bhubaneswar, Dehradun, Goa, Hyderabad, Imphal, Mandsaur, Madurai, Mandi, Raipur, Ranchi and Kochi. The zones and sub-zones collect and analyse data related to seizures of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substance, study trends, modus operandi, collect and disseminate intelligence and work in close cooperation with the Customs, State Police and other law enforcement agencies.

Our Deputy Director General


Smt Monika Ashish Batra

IRS: 1997

Shri Sachin Jain

IRS: 1999

Shri Gyaneshwar Singh

IPS, HP: 1999

Shri Maneesh Kumar

IRS: 2000

Shri Neeraj Kumar Gupta

IPS, Kerla: 2005

Shri Hitesh Godara

IRS: 2005